逍遙騎士Danny Lyon 記錄美國電單車黨的不羈歲月

今天80歲生日的美國攝影師Danny Lyon,不但影響Larry Clark和Nan Goldin等攝影師,他的成名作《The Bikeriders》攝影集更是1969年經典公路電影《逍遙騎士》(Easy Rider)的靈感源泉。

1942年,Danny Lyon生於紐約中產家庭,1960年代初在芝加哥大學讀書時,已開始記錄民權運動,拍攝在學校參與種族平等靜坐的Bernie Sanders。1950至1960年代,美國電單車黨方興未艾,年輕人都嚮往擁有一部電單車,當時美國已有正規的電單車協會American Motorcyclist Association(至今仍有),要求會員遵守交通規則及要安裝滅聲器。此外也有一班不遵守規則的電單車黨,成為他人眼中的「不法之徒」(Outlaw Clubs)。

USA. Elkhorn, Wisconsin. 1966. Cal.

Danny Lyon在機緣巧合後認識芝加哥電單車黨The Chicago Outlaw Motorcycle Club會員,及後更成為他們一員。雖然Outlaw成員大多駕駛Harley-Davidson,但這也無阻騎著Triumph電單車的Danny Lyon,與他們建立起親密關係。在1963至1967年間,他與電單車黨成員朝夕相處,全然融入拍攝群體,一同橫穿美國,在公路上馳騁,一齊聚會、賽車,將他們原始而自由的生活方式一一記錄下來。他深刻地感受到這種叛逆不羈的生活,同時完好刻畫這群人的生存狀態。

在主流傳媒的報導中,Outlaw成員連群結黨,無所事事、放浪形骸,手中總是拿著啤酒瓶,微醺醉駕乃家常便飯,甚至崇尚速度帶來的刺激與危險。他們的不羈本質上是追求自由,而這種擺脫社會束縛的方式,無疑讓他們被貼上反對主流的標籤。在Danny Lyon鏡頭下,他們是活生生的年輕人,他們重視友情、也尊重生命,為逝世的會員扶靈,並非世人印象中的冷酷無情。Danny Lyon將這些照片結集成書《The Bikeriders》,記錄他們特立獨行的生活,或許最後仍無法改變他們的聲名狼藉,至少透過攝影呈現出他們的人性光輝。

《The Bikeriders》是報導攝影領域的典範之作,之後他延續這種拍攝方式,關注社會邊緣人的生活狀態,用一年多時間拍攝德州多間監獄的囚犯,最後集結成攝影集《Conversations with the Dead》。還有拍攝曼哈頓市中心的拆遷的《The Destruction of Lower Manhattan》、記錄黑人民權運動的《Memories of the Southern Civil Rights Movement》,對於後來的新聞報導攝影,均有深遠影響。

圖片來源:Magnum Photos

Today marks the 80th birthday of American photographer Danny Lyon. His famous photobook “The Bikeriders” inspired the classic road film “Easy Rider” in 1969 and influenced photographers such as Larry Clark and Nan Goldin.

Danny Lyon was a member of The Chicago Outlaw Motorcycle Club. From 1963 to 1967, he got along well with the motorcycle outlaws, fully integrated into their life. They traverse the United States, partying and racing together. Danny photographed their primitive and free way of life. He deeply felt their rebellious and uninhibited lifestyle and portrayed the living conditions of these people.

Under the lens of Danny Lyon, The Chicago Outlaw members value friendship, respect life, and carry the hearse for the deceased members. They are not ruthless people. Danny Lyon compiled these photos into a book, “The Bikeriders.” Although the book documenting their maverick lives can’t change its notoriety, it shows their humanity through photography to some extent.

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