【Bilingual】千禧後·香港攝影刊物

香港攝影雜誌的歷史可追溯至1950年代,當中尤以《攝影藝術》(1960–1963年,1980-1997年)、《娜移》(女那禾多,1992-1999年)及《攝影畫報》(1964-2005年)較廣為人知,可惜它們都在回歸後數年間相繼停刊,僅餘下數本攝影器材雜誌,令香港攝影文化一度陷入低潮期。

回歸後的第二個十年,多位香港攝影師不約而同以非商業運作的方法出版攝影刊物,以攝影文化雜誌或同人誌的形式面世,幾年間曾有過一段小陽春。它們大多以半年或不定期的形式出版,遺憾是所有刊物在出版三/四期之後,便無以為繼,令香港的攝影刊物再度成為絕唱。

The history of Hong Kong photography magazines can be traced back to the 1950s. Among them, Photoart(1960-1963, 1980-1997), Dislocation NuNaHeDuo(1992-1999), and Photo Pictorial(1964-2005) are the most widely known. Unfortunately, they have ceased publication within several years after 1997. Since then, Hong Kong’s photography culture once remained inactive. 

In the second decade after 1997, numerous Hong Kong photographers published non-commercial photography publications in the form of photography culture magazine or zine. This revival lasted for a few years, during which most of the photography publications are published in semi-annual or irregular journals. It was a shame that all publications were discontinued after the third or fourth issue, resulting in another period of stagnation for Hong Kong photography publications.  

2007年至2009年,攝影師及詩人廖偉棠受台灣1980年代的《人間》雜誌影響,創辦以紀實攝影為宗旨的《CAN 影像誌》,強調「從攝影出發,走向行動」,它以幾近一年一期的方式出版三期(及一期特刊),主題分別是「非常教育」、「草根舞台」及「勞動情景」。2008年,由攝影師朱德華發起的《pH infinity》,獲香港藝術發展局資助,以半年刊形式出版兩期,收錄朱德華、余偉建、謝至德、岑允逸及夏永康等多位香港攝影師的作品,其實也可視為千禧年後最早期的同人誌。

From 2007 to 2009, CAN, a photography and cultural journal managed by photographer and poet Liu Wai-Tong, was published for three issues (and one particular issue) on a nearly annual basis. The journal explored social issues such as education and labor. In 2008, pH infinity, initiated by photographer Almond Chu, was published twice semi-annually. It included works by photographers such as Vincent Yu, Ducky Tse, Dustin Shum, Wing Shya, and Almond himself. 

2009年,攝影師黃勤帶、楊德銘、趙嘉榮、岑允逸自資出版同人誌《麻雀》,希望有多一個發表攝影作品的平台,書名意思是四位攝影師有如打麻雀,同時也象徵「麻雀雖小,五臟俱全」。美聯社攝影師余偉建在第二期加入,三年間共出版三期,第三期尺寸變小,是一期回應311地震的日本特輯。

另一同人誌《柒菲》亦在同年面世,由新聞攝影師梁祖彝、楊德銘及文字工作者曾家輝等人創辦,兩年間共自資出版五期,包括《與事實不符》、《與身份不符》、《與記憶不符》、《與傳統不符》及《與色不符》,免費派發。仔細留意標題細字,「攝影雜誌」四字其實是從背面觀看的設計效果,以反映對當時攝影雜誌出版的不滿,許多人更將攝影雜誌與攝影器材雜誌混為一談。

In 2009, photographers Wong Kan-Tai, Paul Yeung, Karl Chiu, and Dustin Shum self-funded MAHJONG, a zine which published three times within three years, Associated Press photographer Vincent Yu joined since the second issue. Another zine titled 7 Fei(meaning 7 Films) was also published in the same year, Founded and self-funded by photojournalist Joey Leung with other photographers and writers, five issues were distributed for free within two years.

2010年至2012年,由攝影師黃淑琪等人發起《咔》攝影文化雜誌(KLACK),由藝術發展局資助,以半年刊形式共出版四期,探討攝影與親密、沙龍攝影等不同主題。同年誕生的還有同人誌《傾計會》(Kinggaiwui),共出版三期,每期以一位攝影師的作品為主,同時收錄其餘六位攝影師的相片,包括何兆南、小丁、陳偉江及張偉樂等。

From 2010 to 2012, photographer Ki Wong and her partners initiated the KLACK Photography and Culture Magazine, which had four semi-annual issues to explore different themes such as intimacy and salon photography. Also born in the same year was the zine Kinggaiwui(meaning Chatting Association), which came in a total of three issues. Each was focusing on the works of a single photographer, as well as the photos of the other six photographers, such as South Ho, Siu Ding, and CHAN Wai-Kwong, etc.

2012年後,香港攝影刊物再度沉寂,直至2016年底,衍生自「憧憬世界」攝影教育計劃(TOE)的《畫外影像誌》,以同人誌年刊的方式出版兩期,收錄多位年輕攝影師的作品,該誌主編梁耀康亦即2018年面世的《攝影是藝術》雜誌編輯,算是一個延續吧。

《攝影是藝術》是月刊,2018年出版十二期之後便停刊,創立該雜誌的公司亦在同年出版過三期《大視野攝影》(fisheye)雙月刊及一期《女拍女》(Ms photo)雙語雙月刊。當時原以為香港攝影雜誌會有一線生機,可惜只是曇花一現。

After 2012, Hong Kong photography publications became inactive again. By the end of 2016, Mumble Zine, derived from the Through Our Eyes(TOE) photography education program, was published annually for two years. Leung Yiu-Hong, the editor-in-chief of Mumble Zine, was also the founding editor of Photography is Art, a monthly magazine established in 2018 and went out of print after its twelve issues at the end of the same year. 

Besides Photography is Art, the company also released three issues of a bi-monthly magazine named fisheye and one issue of a bilingual women’s magazine Ms photo in that year. Back then, some thought that Hong Kong photography magazines would see a glimmer of hope, but the contemporary revival turned out a mere flash in the pan.

最後不得不提「Ménos 心象社」,它是一群本地攝影愛好者在2018年成立的攝影組織,2019年推出首本同人誌攝影集《Prologue》,主題是「Hong Kong Street」,收錄十一位攝影師的街拍作品,最初計劃每年出版一期,預計今年尾將出版第二期,暫且拭目以待吧。

Finally, Ménos should also be mentioned; it’s a photography organization established by a group of local photography enthusiasts in 2018. In the following year, it launched the first photography collection Prologue under the theme of Hong Kong Street. It was initially planned to be published once a year, and the second issue was expected to be released at the end of this year. I hope it will come into reality soon.

PS:「顯影」應中環LA GALERIE PARIS 1839 畫廊邀請,於6月至8月期間展出這批香港千禧年後的攝影刊物。9月3日至10月4日期間,移師旺角「言志區」舉行,地址:西洋菜南街44號3樓。

· 如果你認同文字有價,又喜歡「顯影」的原創文章,歡迎透過Buy me a Coffee 給予支持,你的大小鼓勵都會成為「顯影」撰寫更多攝影文章的強大動力。